New Year’s Day and we also call it only New Year’s or the New Year. All of us observe it on the January 1, which is the first day of the year according to the modern Gregorian calendar as well as to the Julian calendar.
In the pre-Christian Rome under the Julian calendar, this day also dedicated to Janus, the god of gateways and even beginnings, for whom the January is also named.
As a day in the Gregorian calendar of the Christendom, New Year’s Day liturgically marked the Feast of the Naming and even Circumcision of the Jesus, which is still observed as such in the Anglican Church and also in Lutheran Church.
In the present day, the most countries now also using the Gregorian calendar as their de facto calendar, and New Year’s Day is almost certainly the most celebrated public holiday. It is often observed with the fireworks at the stroke of the midnight as the New Year starts in each time zone.
And another global New Year’s Day traditions also include the making of New Year’s resolutions and calling the one friends and family.
History of New Year’s Day:
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- 1 History of New Year’s Day:
- 2 New Year’s Days in other Calendars
- 3 Related Article: Happy New Year Chinese
Mesopotamia (Iraq) who build up the idea of celebrating the New Year in 2000 BC. They celebrated New Year around the time of the vernal equinox, in the mid of March. And the early Roman calendar designated March 1 as the New Year’s Day.
This calendar had just ten months, and it starts with March. And once the New Year began with March is still replicated in some of the names of the months. For example, September through December, and these are our ninth through twelfth months, were initially positioned as the seventh through the tenth months.
Septem is the Latin word that is used for “seven”; octo means “eight”; as well as novel means “nine”; and also decem means “ten.” Roman the legend usually credited their second king named Numa with the establishment of the months of the January and also February.
These had the first place at the end of the year, but some point came to be considered the opening of the two months instead.
The January Kalends (it is also a Latin word: Kalendae Ianuariae) it came to celebrate the new year at some points. After it became the day for the inducting new consuls in the 153 BC.
Romans had a long-dated their years by these consulships, rather than in succession, and making the kalends of the January as the start of the new year by aligning this date.
Still, some private and the religious celebrations around the March celebrate the New Year, and it continues for some time, and there is also not any consensus on the question of the timing for the January 1’s new status.
A time for a Families to Celebrate the New Year’s Day Together
Once it became the New Year, yet, it also became a time for the gatherings of family and even celebrations. And also a series of tragedy, notably including the failed rebellion of the M.
Aemilius Lepidus in the 78 bc, they also established a superstition against allowing the Rome’s market days to fall on that kalends of the January.
In 567 AD, the Council of the Tours formally eliminated January 1st as the beginning of the year. At different times and in the various places throughout medieval Christian Europe, the new year was also celebrated on the December 25 in honor of the birth of the Jesus.
And March 1 is in the old Roman style; as well as March 25 is in honor of the Lady Day and also the Feast of the Annunciation; and even on the movable feast of the Easter.
These days had also astronomically and astrologically crucial since the time of the Julian reform, and March 25 had understood the spring equinox and the December 25 as the winter solstice.
(The small disagreement of the Julian calendar with the solar year, however, Julian shifted these days earlier before the Council of the Nicaea which also formed the basis of the calculations that used during the Gregorian reform of the new calendar.
The Medieval calendars nonetheless often continued to display the months that were running from January to the December, in spite of their readers reckoning the transition from one year to the next year on a different day.
The Netherlands Traditions
In the middle of the 7th-century pagans of the Flanders and the Netherlands, it was the custom to exchange the gifts on the first day of the New Year. This tradition had also condemned by the Saint Eligius (who died in 659 or 660).
He also warned the Flemish and Dutch that: “do not make visuals, ( it means: little figures of the Old Woman ), as well as little deer or Atticus or any set tables at night or exchange the gifts on New Year or supply the surplus drinks.”
But, on the date that the European Christians celebrated the New Year. They also exchanged the Christmas presents because the New Years’ Day fell within the twelve days of the season of Christmas in the Western Christian liturgical calendar. And the custom of exchanging the Christmas gifts in a Christian context has also traced back to the “Biblical Magi” who also gave tips to the Child Jesus.
Because of the bound year error in the Julian calendar, the date of Easter had drifted backward since the First Council of the Nicaea decided the calculation of the time of the Easter in the 325. By the sixteenth centenary, the drift from the experimental equinox had also become unacceptable.
And In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII also declared the Gregorian calendar that widely used today; he corrected the error by the deletion of 10 days from the old schedule. The reform of Gregorian calendar also restored the January 1 as New Year’s Day.
Catholic Countries & New Year’s Day
Although most of the Catholic countries adapted to the Gregorian calendar immediately, it only steadily adopted among the Protestant nations.
For example, The British did not take the reformed calendar until 1752. And until then, the British Empire and its American colonies celebrated the New Year’s Day on 25 March.
Most nations of Western Europe publicly adopted January 1 as the New Year’s Day somewhat before they adapted to the Gregorian calendar. And in Tudor England, New Years Day, along with the Christmas Day and also the Twelfth Night.
It had also celebrated as one of the three main festivities among the twelve days of the Christmastide. So until the adoption of the Gregorian calendar in 1752, the first day of the New Year was the 25 March. It is the Western Christian Feast of the Annunciation, and also called “Lady Day.”
Dates predicated on the year beginning on the 25 March. These dates also known as Annunciation Style dates, while the times of the Gregorian Calendar had also commenced on January 1 was distinguished. As the circumcision Style dates, because of this year the Feast of the Circumcision.
And the observed memorial of the eighth day of the Jesus Christ’s life after his birth was counted from the latter’s observation on the Christmas, 25 December.
Pope Gregory recognized the January 1, as the beginning of the New Year according to his improvement of the Catholic Liturgical Calendar.
New Year’s Days in other Calendars
In cultures which traditionally or currently use calendars different than the Gregorian, New Year’s Day is often also an important celebration. Some countries concurrently use the Gregorian and another calendar.
New Year’s Day in the alternative timeline attracts alternative celebrations of that new year:
Nayrouz and Enkutatash are the New Year of the Coptic Egyptians and Ethiopians. Between 1900 and 2100, both occur on September 11th in most years and on September 12th in the years preceding Gregorian leap years.
They preserve the heritage of the Egyptian New Year, Wepet Renpet, which marked the beginning of the flooding of the Nile, but until the introduction of leap years in the traditional calendar of Augustus in the 1920s.
The New Year has Celebrated in Ethiopia The New Year has celebrated to celebrate the end of the summer rainy season.
The Odunde Festival also known as the “African New Year”. And has celebrated on the second Sunday of June in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the United States.
Although the name based on African Yoruba culture, its celebration is the most significant African festival in the world, more or less initiated by a local tradition.
The Chinese New Year has celebrated in many countries of the world. This the first day of the lunar calendar, and every three years the solar calendar has corrected. Holidays are usually from January 20th to February 20th.
The party had celebrated with food, families, a lucky guy and many other red things for good luck. Dances of dragons and lions, drums, firecrackers, firecrackers and various entertainments fill the streets that day.
The Vietnamese New Year (Tet Nguyen Djan or TET), better known by its nickname Tết or “. Vietnam Lunar New Year” is Vietnam’s biggest and most famous festival and festival. Holidays usually take place between January 20th and February 20th.
It is the new Vietnamese year that marks the arrival of spring by the Chinese calendar, a Luni-Solar calendar. The name of Tết Nguyên DJAN is Cino-Vietnamese for the first festival of the morning, derived from the signs of Han nōm 節 元 旦.
Korean New Year
The Korean New Year, called Seollal, is the first day of the lunar calendar. The Koreans also celebrate the new year on January 1st of each year, according to the Gregorian calendar.
New Year’s Day is a national holiday, so people have a day off when they have at least three free days in the Lunar New Year.
Koreans celebrate New Year’s food prepared for the spirits of their ancestors to visit ancestral graves and Korean games like Yunnori with families.
Young children respect their parents, grandparents, parents and other seniors. Because they are traditionally thin and old people give them good wishes and money. Families also appreciate New Year’s Eve until noon New Year.
South East Asia
The Cambodian New Year (Chaul Chnam Thmey) will celebrate on April 13th or April 14th. Three days for the Khmer New Year: the first day has called “Moha Songkran,” the second is called “Virak Wanabat” and the last day called “Virak Loeurng Sak.”
Meanwhile, Cambodians often go to the pagoda or play traditional games. Phnom Penh is calm during the Khmer New Year since most Cambodians prefer to spend it in their hometowns.
The Thai New Year celebrated on April 13th or April 14th and called Songkran in the local language. In general, people throw water on others.
The release of water was a blessing. By capturing the water poured out for purification by the Buddhas, the “holy” water has gently poured over the shoulders of the elderly and the family, fortunately.
Christians in India observe January 1 as the new year, after the Gregorian calendar. Catholic Christians also celebrate January 1 with the feast of Mary, the Mother of God, the liturgical feast of the Virgin Mary.
The Diwali New Year celebrations include Marwari’s New Year and Gujarati’s New Year.
New Year in India varied by region and based on the Hindu calendar. Hindu In Hinduism, different regional cultures Celebrates the new year at different times of the year.
In Assam, Bengal, Kerala, Nepal, Odisha, Punjab and Tamil Nadu, families celebrate the new year when the sun enters Aries in the Hindu calendar.
This is usually April 14th or April 15th, depending on the leap year. In other parts of northern/central India, the program has followed by Vikram Samvat. So, New Year the first day of the month of Chaitra, also known as Chaitra Shukla Pratipada or Gudi Padwa.
This is the first month of the Hindu calendar, the first Shukla Paksha (two weeks) and the first day. This usually occurs between 23 and 24 March, mainly around the spring equinox in the Gregorian calendar.
The new year has celebrated respecting the elders of the family and seeking their blessing. We are also exchanging good wishes for a healthy and prosperous year.
Related Article: Happy New Year Chinese