What is the Christmas Day?
Don’t want to scroll? Click a section below to be taken right to it.
- 1 What is the Christmas Day?
- 2 History of Christmas Day
- 3 Reformation in the 18th Century
- 4 Christmas Day around the World
- 5 Related Article: Stages of a Relationship Psychology
Christmas Day celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ, which Christians believe to be the Son of God. His date of birth is unknown because there is little information about his early life. There is a disagreement among the scholars on the time of the birth of Jesus. Christians celebrate Jesus’ birthday on December 25th.
The word “Christmas” appears from the old English “Cristes Maesse” or the mass of Christ. It is plausible that the Christmas date of December 25th was chosen to compensate for the pagan celebrations of Saturnalia and Natalis Invicti.
It is also possible that the celebration of the birth of the “true light of the world” was created at the time of the December solstice because it is when the days begin to lengthen in the northern hemisphere. The Christmas customs come from different cultures, including Germanic, Celtic, Roman, Asian and Christian religions.
History of Christmas Day
During the holidays have a solid foundation in the history of the birth of Jesus, have many traditions that we associate with Christmas, developed pre-Christian beliefs, and indeed, cultures have a Christian holiday has also changed a broader sense of secular.
The Christmas party at the end of December is undoubtedly the result of the festivities already existing for the winter solstice.
The most notable is Yule (“Festival”), a pagan winter festival that had celebrated for the first time by the Germanic peoples. The exact date of Yule depends on the lunar cycle, but it falls from the end of December to the beginning of January.
In some Northern European countries, the local word for Christmas is a close relationship with “Yule” to “Christmas” and is still a term that can use in some English-speaking countries for Christmas.
Some traditions of Yule are familiar with modern Christmas, such as “Christmas Carol,” the custom of burning a log at Christmas; or even Carol Singing, which is surprisingly an ancient tradition.
Roman Calendar About the December 25
December 25 was the date of the Christmastime solstice in the Roman calendar. Jesus chose to be born for symbolic reasons on the shortest day of the year, according to the first Christmas sermon of St. Augustine: “Therefore, the shortest day in our human calculation is born and begins the next day because he has. And he lifted up, chose the shorter day when the light begins to grow. ”
History of Religions Hypothesis
The rival hypothesis of “religious history” suggests that the Church for the respective holidays celebrated by the Romans in honor of the sun god Sol Invictus chose the date of December 25th. This festival founded in 274 by Aurélien.
An explicit expression of this theory appears in an annotation of uncertain date added to a manuscript of a work by 12th-century Syrian bishop Jacob Bar-Salibi. The scribe who added it wrote: “It was a custom of the Pagans to celebrate on the same 25 December the birthday of the Sun, at which they kindled lights in token of festivity.
In these solemnities and celebrations, the Christians also took part. Accordingly, when the doctors of the Church observed that the Christians had a leaning to this holiday, they took direction and resolved that the true Nativity should solemnize on that day.”
German Protestant Paul Ernst Jablonski
In 1743, the German Protestant Paul Ernst Jablonski pleaded for Christmas on December 25 to match the day when the Roman Solar Festival put this Natalis Solis Invicti and was, therefore, a “paganization” that relegated to the true church.
He argued that, on the contrary, the emperor Aureliano in 274 the festival started by this Natalis Solis Invicti, made it partly a vital attempt to give a pagan meaning to one already for Christians so far in Rome.
The connection of Jesus with the sun has supported by numerous biblical passages. Jesus was considered the “Sun of justice” prophesied by Malachi, “The sun of justice will rise over you and healing will be on your wings.” John represents Jesus as “the light of the world.”
This sun symbolism could support more than one date of birth. An anonymous book mentioned in De Pascha Computus (243) that the creation in the spring equinox began on March 25 with the conception or birth (the word NASCAR can be said) of Jesus on 28. March, the day of the Creation of the sun in the book of Genesis.
A translation means: “Oh, the glorious and divine Providence of the Lord, which on that day, the same day the sun had made, was born on March 28, on Wednesday, the Christ.
Christmas Day In the 17th Century
In the 17th century, Isaac Newton claimed that the Christmas date was chosen to correspond to the solstice.
According to Steven Hijmans of the University of Alberta, “It is a cosmic symbolism, which inspired the Church’s leadership in Rome to choose the 25 December solstice as the birthday of Christ and the South Solstice as John the Baptist, completed by the equinoxes as their respective dates of conception. ”
Hermann Usener and others have suggested that Christians today vote because it was the Roman holiday to celebrate the birthday of Sol Invictus. However, modern researchers HE HIJMANS, it is said that “even if they knew that the nations in this day den, Geburtstag’von Sol Invictus, they do not refer to it and have not played any role in choosing the date for Christmas.
Roman Emperor Aureliano
Thomas J. Talley states that the Roman emperor Aureliano put a Sol Invictus on December 25 to rival the rising rate of the Christian church that had already celebrated Christmas that day.
In the judgment of the Church of England Liturgical Commission, the History of Religions hypothesis has been challenged by a view based on an old tradition, according to which the date of Christmas was fixed at nine months after March 25, the time of the vernal equinox, on which the Annunciation had celebrated.
Following the Protestant Reformation, many of the new denominations, including the Anglican Church and Lutheran Church, continued to celebrate Christmas. In 1629, the Anglican poet John Milton penned On the Morning of Christ’s Nativity, a poem that has since read by many during Christmastide.
Donald Heinz, a professor at California State University, states that Martin Luther “inaugurated a period in which Germany would produce a unique culture of Christmas, much copied in North America.” Among the groups of the Dutch Reformed Church, Christmas had celebrated as one of the principal evangelical feasts.
Reformation in the 18th Century
In the seventeenth century, however, some groups such as the Puritans strongly condemned the celebration of Christmas and considered it a Catholic invention and “ornamentation of the papacy” or “rags of the beast.” On the other hand, the established Anglican Church urged for greater observance of feasts, penances and holy days.
The calendar reform has become a point of high tension between the Anglican party and the Puritan party. The Catholic Church has also responded by promoting the festival more religiously.
King Charles, I of England ordered his lords and lords to return to their lands in the middle of winter to preserve their Christmas spirit. After the legislative victory over Charles I during the English Civil War, the Puritan rulers of England banned Christmas 1647.
Decoration for Christmas
Protests followed as pro-Christmas rioting broke out in several cities and for weeks Canterbury was controlled by the rioters. It decorated doorways with holly and shouted royalist slogans.
The book, The Vindication of Christmas (London, 1652), argued against the Puritans and makes a note of Old English Christmas traditions, dinner, roast apples on the fire, card playing, dances with “plow-boys” and “maidservants,” old Father Christmas and carol singing.
The Restoration of King Charles II in 1660 ended the ban, but many Calvinist clergymen still disapproved of Christmas celebration. As such, in Scotland, the Presbyterian Church of Scotland discouraged the observance of Christmas. Though James VI commanded its anniversary in 1618. His attendance at church was scant.
The Parliament of Scotland officially abolished the observance of Christmas in 1640. Claiming that the church had “purged of all superstitious observation of days”. It had not until 1958 that Christmas again displayed a Scottish public holiday.
What’s Open or Closed?
Christmas Day is a holiday in many countries around the world. Including Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States. Government offices, educational institutions, many shops and post offices closed that day. If you wish to travel by public transport, check with the local transport authority for program changes.
Christmas Day around the World
Christmas is called “Jul,” derived from Yule. Christmas begins with Advent, the fourth Sunday before Christmas Eve. A crown has hung with four candles and ribbons, and a candle is lit. Every Sunday after Christmas, another candle lit.
The United Kingdom
The law often cited about Christmas is Saints Days of Law and Fasting Days 1551. This states that everyone in England must visit the church on Christmas Day without using transportation. On the other hand, this law repealed disappointing in 1969.
Alabama was the first state of EE. UU legalization of the Christmas party. The last country that made Christmas a legal holiday was Oklahoma in 1907.
The White House had its first Christmas tree in 1856. American president Franklyn Pierce awarded it.
As already mentioned, the tradition of singing songs dates back to pagan holidays before Christmas. In fact, the word Carol derives from the Greek word Choraulein. It means “an old circular dance for the music of flutes.”
Since Christmas carols were already a regular practice. Early Christians made the intelligent decision to incorporate Christian songs into tradition rather than prohibiting singing.
Most of the new Christian Christmas carols had written in Latin. That was before the Middle Ages, a language used only by the Church. It reduced the popularity of the costume.
However, Christmas songs grew in popularity when San Francisco de Asís began his cribs in Italy in 1223. This included songs in the vernacular.
The “modern” vocal tradition of Carol flourished in England. Known as Wassailing, it was an opportunity for farmers to receive the much-needed charity from their feudal lords.
This song for Chris had developed in a tradition and traveling musicians visited opulent houses. They sang in hopes of receiving food or gifts for them.
There was a brief interruption in 1647 when the Puritans came to power after the English Civil War. The Puritans, led by Oliver Cromwell, disapproved of Christmas.
There was even a penalty of up to five shillings for anyone who surprised to sing songs. When King Charles II ascended the throne in 1660. The public singing of Christmas carols had again permitted.
Mistletoe is a Christmas Day decoration in everyday use. Traditionally, people who are under a hanging mistletoe, forced to kiss. The mistletoe has pagan associations. For example, the Druids of Gaul thought that the mistletoe grew in oaks.
Other common decorations associated with Christmas are holly and ivy: both associated with pagan festivals. As it was customary to decorate these celebrations with vegetation.
Santa’s images, also known as Santa Claus, snowmen, reindeer and candy canes had linked to postcards. Posters, signs and other printed materials or marketing with Christmas parties. The images of the baby Jesus, the Christmas star and other symbols associated with the religious significance of Christmas. They are also on Christmas Eve and Christmas Day.
Related Article: Stages of a Relationship Psychology